These two species are morphologically similar: both have notably reduced eyes and reinforced forearms that support enlarged digging claws. Accessed December 18, 2020 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Calyptophractus_retusus/. Found in central Argentina. Their body armour does not harden until they are a few weeks old and they are weaned about the same time. This desert-adapted animal is endemic to central Argentina and can be found inhabiting sandy plains, dunes, and scrubby grasslands. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Accessed Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. It is the only species in the genus Calyptophractus. having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. 80-105 in Encyclopedia of Mammals, vol.1. Lesser fairy armadillos have small eyes, silky yellowish … Calyptophractus retusus gives birth to several offspring at a time; the usual litter size is four. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. Chaetophractus vellerosus. Armadillos maintain their body temperature at 31 degrees … The Burmeister's Armadillo (Calyptophractus retusus) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. In other words, Central and South America. This material is based upon work supported by the Chacoan fairy armadillo Chlamyphorus retusus German: Gürtelmull; Spanish: Pichiciego chaqueño: Characteristic pelvic armor firmly attached to spine and pelvic bones. The pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) is named for its pink armor and size. They travel in herds as large as 20 members, and the herd travels together throughout their home range. The white hair is sparse on the dorsal surface, but dense and woolly on the underbelly. Armadillo is the Spanish word for "little armored one". [2] It is the only species in the genus Calyptophractus. 2. It is mole-like, with a fusiform shape, enlarged digging claws and a vertical, rounded plate that caps the rump. Once underground, the animal’s rear is protected by a circular plate of armour, which presents an effective shield to any predator that tries to dig out the armadillo. The distinguishing characteristic of Calyptophractus retusus (along with a similar species, Chlamyphorus truncatus) is its pelvic armor, which is firmly attached to the spine and pelvic bones, unlike other members of the family Dasypodidae. Baltimore: John's Hopkins University Press. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay. (Grzimek, 1998). (Grzimek, 1998). Pp. Genus †Kuntinaru [9] Genus Cabassous. It weighs 90–130 grams. [3], The breeding habits of this species are largely unknown. [5] Night temperatures in Argentinian plains can get very low, and since the armadillo is nocturnal it needs the fur to conserve heat while it is being active outside its burrow. Click on the species name in light blue to view information on its distribution, biology and conservation status. It is threatened by habitat loss. Twitter. Kingdom Animalia animals. animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. 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