... Their burrows are u-shaped and are formed by the lugworm swallowing sand and then pooing it out, creating wiggly piles of sand along the shoreline. The lugworm itself is not seen except by people who dig them up from curiosity or to use as fishing bait. In human blood, one hemoglobin protein holds four oxygen molecules at a time. The worms survived out of the water for so long thanks to their hemoglobin, the proteins in blood that carry oxygen. By bioturbation it changes the upper layer of the mud flat significantly, enabling other organisms to live there. Scientific name: Arenicola marina. Scientific Name . The black lugworm (Arenicola defodiens) produces the neater spiral cast.It is usually longer - up to 40cm or more - and darker in colour than the blow lugworm. Abarenicola claparedi - (Rough-skinned lugworm) Abarenicola pacifica - (Pacific lugworm) Abarenicola sp. The lugworm Arenicola marina is an important biosystem engineer in the muddy tidal flats of the west coast of Europe (helpdeskwater.nl a). Its burrow is deeper, between 40-70cm below the surface, and normally lacks the depression in the sand marking a front entrance. black lugworm (Arenicola defodiens As well as growing larger than blow lugworm (in line with descriptions for Europe and North America lugworm below) they are generally much darker, often totally black. Rat lungworm is a nematode whose scientific name is Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Those are a sign of lugworms! The Black Lug is a different species and - as its name suggests - is black in colour. The most popular of all baits, both with most fishes and most fishermen, is the lug-worm, which rejoices in the pretty scientific name of Arenicola marina. Lungworms are parasitic nematode worms of the order Strongylida that infest the lungs of vertebrates. Any of several species of large marine annelid worm of the genus Arenicola especially the northern lugworm (Arenicola marina), whose coiled castings can often be seen on beaches at low tide. The worms themselves are very rarely seen except by fishermen who dig them up for bait. There is a second species of UK lugworm Arenicola defodiens commonly called black lugworm. Have you ever seen those worm-like mounds on beaches? These are known as casts. Back in the National Center for Scientific Research laboratory, in Roscoff, France, Zal made an astonishing discovery. The lugworm (Arenicola marina), also known as the sandworm, is a large marine worm of the phylum Annelida.Lugworms make the coiled tubes of sand that are a familiar sight on a beach at low tide. Common Name . In the UK the lugworm species Arenicola marina is commonly called blow lugworm, and rarely exceeds 130mm (roughly 5 inches). 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